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Gujarat earthquake - Wikipedia
See Article History. This article was most recently revised and updated by Heather Campbell , Senior Editor. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It encompasses the entire Kathiawar Peninsula Saurashtra as well as the surrounding area on the mainland. The state is bounded primarily by Pakistan to the northwest and by the Indian states of Rajasthan to the….
However, greater understanding has now been gained of Himalayan tectonics, and DST, CSIR supported endeavours are underway to define the style and rate of these processes. It now appears feasible to draw up a first order quantitative hazard map of India. The next task, of quantifying vulnerability, is more complex, because it requires a detailed knowledge of the terrain, habitation density, network geometry of lifelines and engineering characteristics of dwellings and public buildings.
This can be accomplished by bringing together social and economic geographers, urban planners and engineers, to evolve a framework for representing vulnerability and actually determining it for some selected area s of high perceived risk. But more incisive articulation is necessary for a meaningful evaluation of risk. Others like night luminosity and soil texture can be abstracted from satellite imagery.
Considerable literature on the subject as well as computational tools are available to help one design the first steps, fashioned for our specific socio-economic milieu. The most potent catalyst in this endeavour is the quality of hazard consciousness and that of expertise, resources and organisational structure of the national, state and municipal agencies who are the final executors of all risk reduction plans and strategies.
The legislation of a National Disaster Mitigation Act could provide the right coherence and convergence needed in realising this goal and act as a spur in shifting the focus from crisis management to a designed strategy for reducing risk at all levels and stages. Much of what is needed to cope with disasters has already been suggested by the Eleventh Finance Commission EFC which has also recommended the establishment of a National Centre for Calamity Management.
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Besides monitoring calamities, the new centre should be associated with the formulation of a national disaster policy also being talked about now, after the quake that identifies the regions prone to each kind of calamity, how one can minimise the risk and what the short- and medium-term actions should be after a disaster.
They would constitute a national force of 3, to 4, which could be deployed anywhere in the country once a disaster strikes. The commission has also correctly recommended that these personnel be annually trained so that their skills are honed to a high degree of preparedness.
Natural calamities, aided by human intervention, are sadly a routine part of daily life in India.
It is, therefore, appropriate that government machinery is oiled to respond to them in a routine manner. Following the September earthquake at Latur, Maharashtra, earthquake resistant houses have been built. After the Chamoli-Garhwal earthquake, the government in association with the Central Building Research Institute CBRI is evolving an appropriate technology for building houses resistant to hazards like earthquakes and landslides. Information is also being collected regarding the pattern of damage, construction practices and availability of building materials in nearby areas of Chamoli-Garhwal region.
The map is a guide to the seismic status of a region and its susceptibility to quakes. The map would feature geologic, geophysical and tectonic data to help determine the seismic status more accurately.
High risk zones in India could replicate the efforts of Maharashtra to deal with disasters. According to reports, Maharashtra is the only state in India to have a comprehensive multi- hazard disaster management plan. The plan stipulates that information about the incident be immediately conveyed to control rooms through a satellite-based communication network in Gujarat, information was a trickle even 12 hours later ; the standard operating procedures for all government departments be automatically set in motion, without being ordered to; debris removal vehicles and fully equipped rescue teams be rushed from a pre-determined location to the disaster zone; paramedics follow fully rehearsed drills on what medicines and equipment for emergency orthopaedic surgeries to carry; health vans carry even a generator to assist surgery on the spot.
According to the plan, at rescue sites, the internationally-followed Triage method to segregate mass casualties through colour coding will be followed. Bands of different colours will be put on the victims, according to their condition, so that paramedics know whom to rush for immediate medical attention, and whom to assist with just first-aid.
Earthquake essay in gujarati language
Each district of Maharashtra has a detailed multi-hazard response plan based on comprehensive risk assessment and vulnerability analysis identifying disaster-prone areas. The plan is a ready reckoner on the location of ambulance facilities and debris-removing vehicles. There are lessons to be learnt from world experience too. The January Kobe earthquake caught the Japanese government unawares as Kobe did not fall in the risk zone. As a result, there was delay in organising rescue efforts. But subsequent recovery efforts on several parallel tracks ensured speedy recovery.
With almost 50, buildings reduced to ruins and with about 3,00, people at least temporarily homeless in the harsh winter month of January, shelter was identified as the primary need of the hour. And the country made sure it would be better equipped to handle similar future calamities. Joint drills of different agencies involved have been prescribed so that there is better coordination when disaster strikes. Most of the serious damage to larger commercial and industrial buildings and infrastructure in Kobe occurred in areas of soft soil and reclaimed land—the worst soil possible for earthquakes.
While the latest seismic engineering techniques had.
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